AIQ - Data

Five charts on Manchester

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Manchester’s cultural & scientific heritage

1653 - The UK’sfirst freepublic librarybuilt.
1783 - RichardArkwrightset up thefirst millto usesteam power.
1803 - JohnDalton’satomictheory.
1830 - Theworld’s first passenger railwaysstarted operating.
1850 - The firstlaw inthermo-dynamicswasdiscoveredby James PrescottJoule.
1853 - JohnBenjaminDancerinvented micro-photography and microfilms.
1896 - The firstpurposebuilt industrial estate wascreated at Trafford Park.
1908 - The firstBritishplane wasdesignedand flownby A V Roe.
1917 - ErnestRutherford - discoveredhow to splitthe atom.
1948 - The firstcomputerwith astored programand memory,was developed.
2005 - First 3Dprinterof humantissuedeveloped.
2010 - Scientistsawardedthe NobelPrize forPhysics fortheir workon Graphene.
2016 - The firstUK cityto beawardedtheprestigiousaccolade of European Cityof Science.


Access to talented and creative people is to modern business what access to coal and iron ore was to steel-making. Large agglomerations of highly-skilled people are therefore critical to a city’s prospects. Manchester has over 100,000 students across four universities, producing 28,000 graduates a year. 51% of students choose to remain in the city.

Top regional cities by number of graduates. Shaded areas denote graduates retained.


Being part of a cluster provides companies with easier access to information and technology, while providing efficiencies in sourcing inputs such as labour. This enables a city’s firms to be more productive. Manchester was consistently identified as having one of the top three largest sectoral agglomerations in the UK by the government (2017)

Map of Manchester


Agglomeration benefits when firms and people locate near one another as co-location makes the exchange of goods and ideas easier and cheaper. The larger the agglomeration, the greater the benefits. Greater Manchester has a population of 2.7 million and the deepest pool of highly-skilled labour in centres outside of London. The area has access to more commuters than any regional conurbation in the country: seven million people live within an hour’s drive of the city centre.

map of greater north


Two Premiership football teams and one of the world’s busiest music venues are two cultural reasons why the city is the third most popular with tourists to the UK..

The most listened to bands from Manchester on Spotify and Deezer (As at 13.02.2020)


Good connectivity within a city provides access to larger labour pools and facilitates density. More than 5.6 million journeys are made across Greater Manchester’s transport network each day.

Connectivity via postcode grids
Connectivity via postcode grids

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